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New Caledonia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies

        conventional short form:
        New Caledonia

        local long form:
        Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances

        local short form:
        Nouvelle-Caledonie

    • Digraph:
      NC

    • Type:
      overseas territory of France since 1956

    • Capital:
      Noumea

    • Administrative divisions:
      none (overseas territory of France); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Iles Loyaute, Nord, and Sud

    • Independence:
      none (overseas territory of France; a referendum on independence will be held in 1998)

    • National holiday:
      National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

    • Constitution:
      28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

    • Legal system:
      the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state:
        President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981)

        head of government:
        High Commissioner and President of the Council of Government Didier CULTIAUX (since NA July 1994; appointed by the French Ministry of the Interior); President of the Territorial Congress Simon LOUECKHOTE (since 26 June 1989)

        cabinet:
        Consultative Committee

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Territorial Assembly:
        elections last held 11 June 1989 (next to be held July 1995); results - RPCR 44.5%, FLNKS 28.5%, FN 7%, CD 5%, UO 4%, other 11%; seats - (54 total) RPCR 27, FLNKS 19, FN 3, other 5; note - election boycotted by FULK

        French Senate:
        elections last held 27 September 1992 (next to be held September 2001); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total) RPCR 1

        French National Assembly:
        elections last held 21 March 1993 (next to be held 21 and 28 March 1998); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (2 total) RPCR 2

    • Judicial branch:
      Court of Appeal

    • Political parties and leaders:
      white-dominated Rassemblement pour la Caledonie dans la Republique (RPCR), conservative, Jacques LAFLEUR, president - affiliated to France's Rassemblement pour la Republique (RPR; also called South Province Party); Melanesian proindependence Kanaka Socialist National Liberation Front (FLNKS), Paul NEAOUTYINE; Melanesian moderate Kanak Socialist Liberation (LKS), Nidoish NAISSELINE; National Front (FN), extreme right, Guy GEORGE; Caledonie Demain (CD), right-wing, Bernard MARANT; Union Oceanienne (UO), conservative, Michel HEMA; Front Uni de Liberation Kanak (FULK), proindependence, Clarence UREGEI; Union Caledonian (UC), Francois BURCK, president; "1999" (new party calling for an autonomous state), Philippe PENTECOST

    • Member of:
      ESCAP (associate), FZ, ICFTU, SPC, WFTU, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:
      none (overseas territory of France)

    • US diplomatic representation:
      none (overseas territory of France)

    • Flag:
      the flag of France is used






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