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New Zealand Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        268,680 sq km

        land area:
        268,670 sq km

        comparative area:
        about the size of Colorado

        includes Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      15,134 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      territorial claim in Antarctica (Ross Dependency)

    • Climate:
      temperate with sharp regional contrasts

    • Terrain:
      predominately mountainous with some large coastal plains

    • Natural resources:
      natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      2,800 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by species introduced from outside

        natural hazards:
        earthquakes are common, though usually not severe

        international agreements:
        party to - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

    • Note:
      about 80% of the population lives in cities

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