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Niger Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western Africa, southeast of Algeria

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        1.267 million sq km

        land area:
        1,266,700 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly less than twice the size of Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 5,697 km, Algeria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina 628 km, Chad 1,175 km, Libya 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      Libya claims about 19,400 sq km in northern Niger; demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad, the lack of which has led to border incidents in the past, is completed and awaiting ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; Burkina and Mali are proceeding with boundary demarcation, including the tripoint with Niger

    • Climate:
      desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south

    • Terrain:
      predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

    • Natural resources:
      uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      320 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

        natural hazards:
        recurring droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea

    • Note:

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