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Nigeria Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Benin and Cameroon

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        923,770 sq km

        land area:
        910,770 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of California

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,047 km, Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

    • Coastline:
      853 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        30 nm

    • International disputes:
      demarcation of international boundaries in Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, is completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria; dispute with Cameroon over land and maritime boundaries in the vicinity of the Bakasi Peninsula has been referred to the International Court of Justice

    • Climate:
      varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

    • Terrain:
      southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, natural gas

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      8,650 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        soil degradation; rapid deforestation; desertification; recent droughts in north severely affecting marginal agricultural activities

        natural hazards:
        periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection

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