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Norway Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        324,220 sq km

        land area:
        307,860 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than New Mexico

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,515 km, Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 167 km

    • Coastline:
      21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km, large islands 2,413 km, long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 16,093 km)

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        10 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        4 nm

    • International disputes:
      territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land); maritime boundary dispute with Russia over portion of Barents Sea

    • Climate:
      temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast

    • Terrain:
      glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      950 sq km (1989)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions

        natural hazards:

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Tropical Timber 94

    • Note:
      about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world; Norway and Turkey only NATO members having a land boundary with Russia

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