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Oman Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and the United Arab Emirates

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        212,460 sq km

        land area:
        212,460 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Kansas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,374 km, Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km

    • Coastline:
      2,092 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      no defined boundary with most of UAE; Administrative Line with UAE in far north

    • Climate:
      dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

    • Terrain:
      vast central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        less than 2%

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      410 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limited natural fresh water resources

        natural hazards:
        summer winds often raise large sandstorms and duststorms in interior; periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ship Pollution, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

    • Note:
      strategic location with small foothold on Musandam Peninsula controlling Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

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