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Papua New Guinea


    • Location:
      Southeastern Asia, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia

    • Map references:
      Oceania

    • Area:

        total area:
        461,690 sq km

        land area:
        451,710 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than California

    • Land boundaries:
      total 820 km, Indonesia 820 km

    • Coastline:
      5,152 km

    • Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October); slight seasonal temperature variation

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills

    • Natural resources:
      gold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil potential

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        0%

        permanent crops:
        1%

        meadows and pastures:
        0%

        forest and woodland:
        71%

        other:
        28%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects

        natural hazards:
        active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Rim of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mudslides

        international agreements:
        party to - Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast






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Revised 13-August-1997