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Peru Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

    • Map references:
      South America

    • Area:

        total area:
        1,285,220 sq km

        land area:
        1.28 million sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Alaska

    • Land boundaries:
      total 6,940 km, Bolivia 900 km, Brazil 1,560 km, Chile 160 km, Colombia 2,900 km, Ecuador 1,420 km

    • Coastline:
      2,414 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        200 nm

    • International disputes:
      three sections of the boundary with Ecuador are in dispute

    • Climate:
      varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west

    • Terrain:
      western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)

    • Natural resources:
      copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      12,500 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

        natural hazards:
        earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity

        international agreements:
        party to - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Tropical Timber 94

    • Note:
      shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia

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