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Portugal Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        92,080 sq km

        land area:
        91,640 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Indiana

        includes Azores and Madeira Islands

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,214 km, Spain 1,214 km

    • Coastline:
      1,793 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      sovereignty over Timor Timur (East Timor Province) disputed with Indonesia

    • Climate:
      maritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south

    • Terrain:
      mountainous north of the Tagus, rolling plains in south

    • Natural resources:
      fish, forests (cork), tungsten, iron ore, uranium ore, marble

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      6,340 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas

        natural hazards:
        Azores subject to severe earthquakes

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    • Note:
      Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar

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