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Qatar


    • Location:
      Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        11,000 sq km

        land area:
        11,000 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Connecticut

    • Land boundaries:
      total 60 km, Saudi Arabia 60 km

    • Coastline:
      563 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      territorial dispute with Bahrain over the Hawar Islands; maritime boundary with Bahrain

    • Climate:
      desert; hot, dry; humid and sultry in summer

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        0%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        5%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        95%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities

        natural hazards:
        haze, dust storms, sandstorms common

        international agreements:
        signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits






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