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Rwanda Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Central Africa, east of Zaire

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        26,340 sq km

        land area:
        24,950 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Maryland

    • Land boundaries:
      total 893 km, Burundi 290 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km, Zaire 217 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

    • Terrain:
      mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east

    • Natural resources:
      gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), natural gas, hydropower

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      40 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion

        natural hazards:
        periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Zaire

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      landlocked; predominantly rural population

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