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Saint Helena


    • Affiliation:
      (dependent territory of the UK)

    • Location:
      Southern Africa, island in the South Atlantic Ocean, west of Angola, about two-thirds of the way from South America to Africa

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        410 sq km

        land area:
        410 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than 2.3 times the size of Washington, DC

        note:
        includes Ascension, Gough Island, Inaccessible Island, Nightingale Island, and Tristan da Cunha

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      60 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds

    • Terrain:
      rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains

    • Natural resources:
      fish; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns, no minerals

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        7%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        7%

        forest and woodland:
        3%

        other:
        83%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        NA

        natural hazards:
        active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha

        international agreements:
        NA

    • Note:
      Napoleon Bonaparte's place of exile and burial (the remains were taken to Paris in 1840); harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world






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Revised 13-August-1997