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Saudi Arabia


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

        conventional short form:
        Saudi Arabia

        local long form:
        Al Mamlakah al Arabiyah as Suudiyah

        local short form:
        Al Arabiyah as Suudiyah

    • Digraph:
      SA

    • Type:
      monarchy

    • Capital:
      Riyadh

    • Administrative divisions:
      13 provinces (mintaqah, singular - mintaqat); Al Bahah, Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah, Al Jawf, Al Madinah, Al Qasim, Ar Riyad, Ash Sharqiyah, Asir, Hail, Jizan, Makkah, Najran, Tabuk

    • Independence:
      23 September 1932 (unification)

    • National holiday:
      Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September (1932)

    • Constitution:
      none; governed according to Shari'a (Islamic law)

    • Legal system:
      based on Islamic law, several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    • Suffrage:
      none

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        King and Prime Minister FAHD bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (since 13 June 1982); Crown Prince and First Deputy Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (half-brother to the King, appointed heir to the throne 13 June 1982)

        cabinet:
        Council of Ministers; dominated by royal family members appointed by the king

    • Legislative branch:
      a consultative council comprised of 60 members and a chairman who are appointed by the King for a term of four years

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Council of Justice

    • Political parties and leaders:
      none allowed

    • Member of:
      ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-19, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAS (observer), OIC, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador BANDAR bin Sultan Abd al-Aziz Al Saud

        chancery:
        601 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 342-3800

        consulate(s) general:
        Houston, Los Angeles, and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Raymond E. MABUS, Jr.

        embassy:
        Collector Road M, Diplomatic Quarter, Riyadh

        mailing address:
        American Embassy, Unit 61307, Riyadh; International Mail: P. O. Box 94309, Riyadh 11693; APO AE 09803-1307

        telephone:
        [966] (1) 488-3800

        FAX:
        [966] (1) 482-4364

        consulate(s) general:
        Dhahran, Jiddah (Jeddah)

    • Flag:
      green with large white Arabic script (that may be translated as There is no God but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God) above a white horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); green is the traditional color of Islam






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