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Senegal Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        196,190 sq km

        land area:
        192,000 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than South Dakota

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,640 km, The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

    • Coastline:
      531 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      short section of the boundary with The Gambia is indefinite; boundary with Mauritania in dispute;

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (December to April) has strong southeast winds; dry season (May to November) dominated by hot, dry harmattan wind

    • Terrain:
      generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

    • Natural resources:
      fish, phosphates, iron ore

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      1,800 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

        natural hazards:
        lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Desertification, Marine Dumping

    • Note:
      The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal

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