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Serbia and Montenegro


    • Note:
      Serbia and Montenegro have asserted the formation of a joint independent state, but this entity has not been formally recognized as a state by the US; the US view is that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) has dissolved and that none of the successor republics represents its continuation

    • Location:
      Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • Map references:
      Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        102,350 sq km

        land area:
        102,136 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Kentucky

        note:
        Serbia has a total area and a land area of 88,412 sq km making it slightly larger than Maine; Montenegro has a total area of 13,938 sq km and a land area of 13,724 sq km making it slightly larger than Connecticut

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,246 km, Albania 287 km (114 km with Serbia; 173 km with Montenegro), Bosnia and Herzegovina 527 km (312 km with Serbia; 215 km with Montenegro), Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia (north) 241 km, Croatia (south) 25 km, Hungary 151 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 221 km, Romania 476 km

        note:
        the internal boundary between Montenegro and Serbia is 211 km

    • Coastline:
      199 km (Montenegro 199 km, Serbia 0 km)

    • Maritime claims:
      NA

    • International disputes:
      Sandzak region bordering northern Montenegro and southeastern Serbia - Muslims seeking autonomy; disputes with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia over Serbian populated areas; Albanian majority in Kosovo seeks independence from Serbian Republic

    • Climate:
      in the north, continental climate (cold winter and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland

    • Terrain:
      extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountain and hills; to the southwest, extremely high shoreline with no islands off the coast

    • Natural resources:
      oil, gas, coal, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, gold, pyrite, chrome

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        30%

        permanent crops:
        5%

        meadows and pastures:
        20%

        forest and woodland:
        25%

        other:
        20%

    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube

        natural hazards:
        destructive earthquakes

        international agreements:
        NA

    • Note:
      controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East; strategic location along the Adriatic coast






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Revised 13-August-1997