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Serbia and Montenegro Geography 1996

    • Note:
      Serbia and Montenegro have asserted the formation of a joint independent state, but this entity has not been formally recognized as a state by the US; the US view is that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) has dissolved and that none of the successor republics represents its continuation

    • Location:
      Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina

    • Map references:
      Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        102,350 sq km

        land area:
        102,136 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Kentucky

        Serbia has a total area and a land area of 88,412 sq km making it slightly larger than Maine; Montenegro has a total area of 13,938 sq km and a land area of 13,724 sq km making it slightly larger than Connecticut

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,246 km, Albania 287 km (114 km with Serbia; 173 km with Montenegro), Bosnia and Herzegovina 527 km (312 km with Serbia; 215 km with Montenegro), Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia (north) 241 km, Croatia (south) 25 km, Hungary 151 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 221 km, Romania 476 km

        the internal boundary between Montenegro and Serbia is 211 km

    • Coastline:
      199 km (Montenegro 199 km, Serbia 0 km)

    • Maritime claims:

    • International disputes:
      Sandzak region bordering northern Montenegro and southeastern Serbia - Muslims seeking autonomy; disputes with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia over Serbian populated areas; Albanian majority in Kosovo seeks independence from Serbian Republic

    • Climate:
      in the north, continental climate (cold winter and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland

    • Terrain:
      extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountain and hills; to the southwest, extremely high shoreline with no islands off the coast

    • Natural resources:
      oil, gas, coal, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, gold, pyrite, chrome

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube

        natural hazards:
        destructive earthquakes

        international agreements:

    • Note:
      controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East; strategic location along the Adriatic coast

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