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Sierra Leone


    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        71,740 sq km

        land area:
        71,620 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than South Carolina

    • Land boundaries:
      total 958 km, Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km

    • Coastline:
      402 km

    • Maritime claims:

        territorial sea:
        200 nm

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)

    • Terrain:
      coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

    • Natural resources:
      diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        25%

        permanent crops:
        2%

        meadows and pastures:
        31%

        forest and woodland:
        29%

        other:
        13%

    • Irrigated land:
      340 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleting natural resources; overfishing

        natural hazards:
        dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (November to May); sandstorms, dust storms

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change, Environmental Modification






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