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South Africa


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of South Africa

        conventional short form:
        South Africa

    • Abbreviation:
      RSA

    • Digraph:
      SF

    • Type:
      republic

    • Capital:
      Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judicial)

    • Administrative divisions:
      9 provinces; Eastern Cape, Eastern Transvaal, KwaZulu/Natal, Northern Cape, Northern Transvaal, Northwest, Orange Free State, Gauteng, Western Cape

    • Independence:
      31 May 1910 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Freedom Day, 27 April (1994)

    • Constitution:
      27 April 1994 (interim constitution, replacing the constitution of 3 September 1984)

    • Legal system:
      based on Roman-Dutch law and English common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        Executive President Nelson MANDELA (since 10 May 1994); Deputy Executive President Thabo MBEKI (since 10 May 1994); Deputy Executive President Frederik W. DE KLERK (since 10 May 1994)

        note:
        any political party that wins 20% or more of the National Assembly votes in a general election is entitled to name a Deputy Executive President

        cabinet:
        Cabinet appointed by the Executive President

    • Legislative branch:
      bicameral

        National Assembly:
        elections last held 26-29 April 1994 (next to be held NA); results - ANC 62.6%, NP 20.4%, IFP 10.5%, FF 2.2%, DP 1.7%, PAC 1.2%, ACDP 0.5%, other 0.9%; seats - (400 total) ANC 252, NP 82, IFP 43, FF 9, DP 7, PAC 5, ACDP 2

        Senate:
        the Senate is composed of members who are nominated by the nine provincial parliaments (which are elected in parallel with the National Assembly) and has special powers to protect regional interests, including the right to limited self-determination for ethnic minorities; seats - (90 total) ANC 61, NP 17, FF 4, IFP 5, DP 3

        note:
        when the National Assembly meets in joint session with the Senate to consider the provisions of the constitution, the combined group is referred to as the Constitutional Assembly

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      African National Congress (ANC), Nelson MANDELA, president; National Party (NP), Frederik W. DE KLERK, president; Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), Mangosuthu BUTHELEZI, president; Freedom Front (FF), Constand VILJOEN, president; Democratic Party (DP); Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), Clarence MAKWETU, president; African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP), leader NA

        note:
        in addition to these seven parties which received seats in the National Assembly, twelve other parties won votes in the national elections in April 1994

    • Other political or pressure groups:
      NA;;

    • Member of:
      BIS, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, ZC

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Franklin SONN

        chancery:
        3051 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 232-4400

        consulate(s) general:
        Beverly Hills (California), Chicago, and New York

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Princeton N. LYMAN

        embassy:
        877 Pretorius St., Arcadia 0083

        mailing address:
        P.O. Box 9536, Pretoria 0001

        telephone:
        [27] (12) 342-1048

        FAX:
        [27] (12) 342-2244

        consulate(s) general:
        Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg

    • Flag:
      two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band which splits into a horozontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side, embracing a black isoceles triangle from which the arms are separated by narrow yellow bands; the red and blue bands are separated from the green band and its arms by narrow white stripes

        note:
        prior to 26 April 1994, the flag was actually four flags in one - three miniature flags reproduced in the center of the white band of the former flag of the Netherlands, which has three equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and blue; the miniature flags are a vertically hanging flag of the old Orange Free State with a horizontal flag of the UK adjoining on the hoist side and a horizontal flag of the old Transvaal Republic adjoining on the other side






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