ABC logo

. Index

. Flag

. Geography

. People

. Government

. Economy

. Transportation

. Commun'tions

. Defense

. Geo Names

. Feedback

===========

Ad

Spain


    • Location:
      Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, and North Atlantic Ocean, southwest of France

    • Map references:
      Europe

    • Area:

        total area:
        504,750 sq km

        land area:
        499,400 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of Oregon

        note:
        includes Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, and five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast of Morocco - Ceuta, Mellila, Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,903.2 km, Andorra 65 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km

    • Coastline:
      4,964 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      Gibraltar question with UK; Spain controls five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast of Morocco - the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, which Morocco contests, as well as the islands of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas

    • Climate:
      temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast

    • Terrain:
      large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north

    • Natural resources:
      coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium, mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten, copper, kaolin, potash, hydropower

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        31%

        permanent crops:
        10%

        meadows and pastures:
        21%

        forest and woodland:
        31%

        other:
        7%

    • Irrigated land:
      33,600 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; air pollution; deforestation; desertification

        natural hazards:
        periodic droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Desertification, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar






Thank you for making this an award winning site

Please put this page in your BOOKMARKS - - - - -




ITA Home Page
The IMMIGRATION Superhighway Feedback

ITA WWWDesign
Flags of all Countries
Yahoo search

Revised 13-August-1997