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Sri Lanka Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        65,610 sq km

        land area:
        64,740 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than West Virginia

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      1,340 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)

    • Terrain:
      mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

    • Natural resources:
      limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      5,600 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff

        natural hazards:
        occasional cyclones and tornadoes

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Marine Life Conservation

    • Note:
      strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes

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