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Suriname Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

    • Map references:
      South America

    • Area:

        total area:
        163,270 sq km

        land area:
        161,470 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than Georgia

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,707 km, Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

    • Coastline:
      386 km

    • Maritime claims:

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      claims area in French Guiana between Litani Rivier and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa Rivier); claims area in Guyana between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Koetari Rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne)

    • Climate:
      tropical; moderated by trade winds

    • Terrain:
      mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

    • Natural resources:
      timber, hydropower potential, fish, shrimp, bauxite, iron ore, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, gold

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      590 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation as foreign producers obtain timber concessions

        natural hazards:

        international agreements:
        party to - Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      mostly tropical rain forest; great diversity of flora and fauna which for the most part is not threatened because of the lack of development; relatively small population most of which lives along the coast

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