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Swaziland Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        17,360 sq km

        land area:
        17,200 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than New Jersey

    • Land boundaries:
      total 535 km, Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      Swaziland has asked South Africa to open negotiations on reincorporating some nearby South African territories that are populated by ethnic Swazis or that were long ago part of the Swazi Kingdom

    • Climate:
      varies from tropical to near temperate

    • Terrain:
      mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

    • Natural resources:
      asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      640 sq km (1993 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        limited access to potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion

        natural hazards:

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Climate Change, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

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