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Sweden Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway

    • Map references:

    • Area:

        total area:
        449,964 sq km

        land area:
        410,928 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than California

    • Land boundaries:
      total 2,205 km, Finland 586 km, Norway 1,619 km

    • Coastline:
      3,218 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        agreed boundaries or midlines

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west

    • Natural resources:
      zinc, iron ore, lead, copper, silver, timber, uranium, hydropower potential

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      1,120 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        acid rain damaging soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea

        natural hazards:
        ice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere with maritime traffic

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Desertification, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas

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