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Tajikistan


    • Note:
      Tajikistan has experienced three changes of government since it gained independence in September 1991. The current president, Emomali RAKHMONOV, was elected to the presidency in November 1994, yet has been in power since 1992. The country is suffering through its third year of a civil war, with no clear end in sight. Underlying the conflict are deeply-rooted regional and clan-based animosities that pit a government consisting of people primarily from the Kulob (Kulyab), Khujand (Leninabad), and Hisor (Hissar) regions against a secular and Islamic-led opposition from the Gharm, Gorno-Badakhshan, and Qurghonteppa (Kurgan-Tyube) regions. Government and opposition representatives have held periodic rounds of UN-mediated peace talks and agreed in September 1994 to a cease-fire. Russian-led peacekeeping troops are deployed throughout the country, and Russian border guards are stationed along the Tajik-Afghan border.

    • Location:
      Central Asia, west of China

    • Map references:
      Commonwealth of Independent States - Central Asian States

    • Area:

        total area:
        143,100 sq km

        land area:
        142,700 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Wisconsin

    • Land boundaries:
      total 3,651 km, Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km (landlocked)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      boundary with China in dispute; territorial dispute with Kyrgyzstan on northern boundary in Isfara Valley area; Afghanistan's and other foreign support to Tajik rebels based in northern Afghanistan

    • Climate:
      midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

    • Terrain:
      Pamir and Altay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

    • Natural resources:
      significant hydropower potential, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        6%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        23%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        71%

    • Irrigated land:
      6,940 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea which suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigation and associated pollution

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        NA

    • Note:
      landlocked


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