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Thailand Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

    • Map references:
      Southeast Asia

    • Area:

        total area:
        514,000 sq km

        land area:
        511,770 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,863 km, Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

    • Coastline:
      3,219 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      boundary dispute with Laos; unresolved maritime boundary with Vietnam; parts of border with Thailand in dispute; maritime boundary with Thailand not clearly defined

    • Climate:
      tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

    • Terrain:
      central plain; Khorat plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

    • Natural resources:
      tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      42,300 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

        natural hazards:
        land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore

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