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The Gambia


    • Location:
      Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

    • Map references:
      Africa

    • Area:

        total area:
        11,300 sq km

        land area:
        10,000 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly more than twice the size of Delaware

    • Land boundaries:
      total 740 km, Senegal 740 km

    • Coastline:
      80 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        18 nm

        continental shelf:
        not specified

        exclusive fishing zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      short section of boundary with Senegal is indefinite

    • Climate:
      tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

    • Terrain:
      flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills

    • Natural resources:
      fish

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        16%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        9%

        forest and woodland:
        20%

        other:
        55%

    • Irrigated land:
      120 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

        natural hazards:
        rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last thirty years

        international agreements:
        party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Desertification

    • Note:
      almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa






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