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Trinidad and Tobago Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

    • Map references:
      Central America and the Caribbean

    • Area:

        total area:
        5,130 sq km

        land area:
        5,130 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Delaware

    • Land boundaries:
      0 km

    • Coastline:
      362 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        24 nm

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:

    • Climate:
      tropical; rainy season (June to December)

    • Terrain:
      mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      220 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        water pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion

        natural hazards:
        outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity

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