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Ukraine


    • Location:
      Eastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Poland and Russia

    • Map references:
      Commonwealth of Independent States - European States

    • Area:

        total area:
        603,700 sq km

        land area:
        603,700 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly smaller than Texas

    • Land boundaries:
      total 4,558 km, Belarus 891 km, Hungary 103 km, Moldova 939 km, Poland 428 km, Romania (southwest) 169 km, Romania (west) 362 km, Russia 1,576 km, Slovakia 90 km

    • Coastline:
      2,782 km

    • Maritime claims:

        continental shelf:
        200-m or to the depth of exploitation

        exclusive economic zone:
        undefined

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      certain territory of Moldova and Ukraine - including Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina - are considered by Bucharest as historically a part of Romania; this territory was incorporated into the former Soviet Union following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1940; potential dispute with Russia over Crimea; has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other nation

    • Climate:
      temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed, highest in west and north, lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country, hot in the south

    • Terrain:
      most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaux, mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians), and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south

    • Natural resources:
      iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulphur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        56%

        permanent crops:
        2%

        meadows and pastures:
        12%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        30%

    • Irrigated land:
      26,000 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        inadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        party to - Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic Treaty, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea

    • Note:
      strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second largest country in Europe






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