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Uzbekistan


    • Location:
      Central Asia, north of Afghanistan

    • Map references:
      Commonwealth of Independent States - Central Asian States

    • Area:

        total area:
        447,400 sq km

        land area:
        425,400 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than California

    • Land boundaries:
      total 6,221 km, Afghanistan 137 km, Kazakhstan 2,203 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,099 km, Tajikistan 1,161 km, Turkmenistan 1,621 km

    • Coastline:
      0 km

        note:
        Uzbekistan borders the Aral Sea (420 km)

    • Maritime claims:
      none; landlocked

    • International disputes:
      none

    • Climate:
      mostly midlatitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east

    • Terrain:
      mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya and Sirdaryo Rivers; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west

    • Natural resources:
      natural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        10%

        permanent crops:
        1%

        meadows and pastures:
        47%

        forest and woodland:
        0%

        other:
        42%

    • Irrigated land:
      41,550 sq km (1990)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        drying up of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification; water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders; increasing soil salinization; soil contamination from agricultural chemicals, including DDT

        natural hazards:
        NA

        international agreements:
        party to - Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection

    • Note:
      landlocked






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