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Yemen


    • Location:
      Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        527,970 sq km

        land area:
        527,970 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming

        note:
        includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,746 km, Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km

    • Coastline:
      1,906 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        18 nm in the North; 24 nm in the South

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      undefined section of boundary with Saudi Arabia; a treaty with Oman defining the Yemeni-Omani boundary was ratified in December 1992

    • Climate:
      mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east

    • Terrain:
      narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west

    • Land use:

        arable land:
        6%

        permanent crops:
        0%

        meadows and pastures:
        30%

        forest and woodland:
        7%

        other:
        57%

    • Irrigated land:
      3,100 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        very limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

        natural hazards:
        sandstorms and dust storms in summer

        international agreements:
        party to - Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

    • Note:
      controls Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes






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