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Yemen Geography 1996

    • Location:
      Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

    • Map references:
      Middle East

    • Area:

        total area:
        527,970 sq km

        land area:
        527,970 sq km

        comparative area:
        slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming

        includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen)

    • Land boundaries:
      total 1,746 km, Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km

    • Coastline:
      1,906 km

    • Maritime claims:

        contiguous zone:
        18 nm in the North; 24 nm in the South

        continental shelf:
        200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

        exclusive economic zone:
        200 nm

        territorial sea:
        12 nm

    • International disputes:
      undefined section of boundary with Saudi Arabia; a treaty with Oman defining the Yemeni-Omani boundary was ratified in December 1992

    • Climate:
      mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east

    • Terrain:
      narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains; dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior of the Arabian Peninsula

    • Natural resources:
      petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west

    • Land use:

        arable land:

        permanent crops:

        meadows and pastures:

        forest and woodland:


    • Irrigated land:
      3,100 sq km (1989 est.)

    • Environment:

        current issues:
        very limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

        natural hazards:
        sandstorms and dust storms in summer

        international agreements:
        party to - Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity, Climate Change

    • Note:
      controls Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes

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