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Zimbabwe


    • Names:

        conventional long form:
        Republic of Zimbabwe

        conventional short form:
        Zimbabwe

        former:
        Southern Rhodesia

    • Digraph:
      ZI

    • Type:
      parliamentary democracy

    • Capital:
      Harare

    • Administrative divisions:
      8 provinces; Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West, Masvingo (Victoria), Matabeleland North, Matabeleland South, Midlands

    • Independence:
      18 April 1980 (from UK)

    • National holiday:
      Independence Day, 18 April (1980)

    • Constitution:
      21 December 1979

    • Legal system:
      mixture of Roman-Dutch and English common law

    • Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

    • Executive branch:

        chief of state and head of government:
        Executive President Robert Gabriel MUGABE (since 31 December 1987); Co-Vice President Simon Vengai MUZENDA (since 31 December 1987); Co-Vice President Joshua M. NKOMO (since 6 August 1990); election last held 28-30 March 1990 (next to be held NA March 1996); results - Robert MUGABE 78.3%, Edgar TEKERE 21.7%

        cabinet:
        Cabinet; appointed by the president; responsible to Parliament

    • Legislative branch:
      unicameral

        Parliament:
        elections last held 8-9 April 1995 (next to be held NA March 2000); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (150 total, 120 elected) ZANU-PF 118, ZANU-S 2

    • Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court

    • Political parties and leaders:
      Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), Robert MUGABE; Zimbabwe African National Union-Sithole (ZANU-S), Ndabaningi SITHOLE; Zimbabwe Unity Movement (ZUM), Edgar TEKERE; Democratic Party (DP), Emmanuel MAGOCHE; Forum Party of Zimbabwe, Enock DUMBUTSHENA; United Parties, Abel MUZOREWA

    • Member of:
      ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, FLS, G-15, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, PCA, SADC, UN, UNAMIR, UNAVEM II, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMUR, UNOSOM, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

    • Diplomatic representation in US:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Amos Bernard Muvengwa MIDZI

        chancery:
        1608 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

        telephone:
        [1] (202) 332-7100

        FAX:
        [1] (202) 483-9326

    • US diplomatic representation:

        chief of mission:
        Ambassador Johnny CARSON

        embassy:
        172 Herbert Chitepo Avenue, Harare

        mailing address:
        P. O. Box 3340, Harare

        telephone:
        [263] (4) 794521

        FAX:
        [263] (4) 796488

    • Flag:
      seven equal horizontal bands of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green with a white equilateral triangle edged in black based on the hoist side; a yellow Zimbabwe bird is superimposed on a red five-pointed star in the center of the triangle






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