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    India Geography - 1989

      Total area: 3,287,590 km2
      land area: 2,973,190 km2

      Comparative area: slightly more than one-third the size of the US

      Land boundaries: 14,103 km total
      Bangladesh 4,053 km, Bhutan 605 km, Burma 1,463 km, China 3,380, Nepal 1,690 km, Pakistan 2,912 km

      Coastline: 7,000 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Contiguous zone: 24 nm
      @m5Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm
      @m5Extended economic zone: 200 nm
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: boundaries with Bangladesh, China, and Pakistan

      Climate: varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

      Terrain: upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

      Natural resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, crude oil, limestone

      Land use: 55% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 4% meadows and pastures; 23% forest and woodland; 17% other; includes 13% irrigated

      Environment: droughts, flash floods, severe thunderstorms common; deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; air and water pollution; desertification

      Note: dominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes; Joint River Commission on water sharing with downstream riparian Bangladesh

      NOTE: The information regarding India on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of India Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about India Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)