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    Iraq Geography - 1989

      Total area: 434,920 km2
      land area: 433,970 km2

      Comparative area: slightly more than twice the size of Idaho

      Land boundaries: 3,454 km total
      Iran 1,458 km, Iraq - Saudi Arabia Neutral Zone 191 km, Jordan 134 km, Kuwait 240 km, Saudi Arabia 495 km, Syria 605 km, Turkey 331 km

      Coastline: 58 km

      Maritime claims: @m5Continental shelf: not specific
      @m5Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: Iraq began formal UN peace negotiations with Iran in August 1988 to end the war that began on 22 September 1980--troop withdrawal, freedom of navigation, sovereignty over the Shatt al Arab waterway, and prisoner of war exchange are the major issues for negotiation; Kurdish question among Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and the USSR; shares Neutral Zone with Saudi Arabia; periodic disputes with Syria over Euphrates water rights; potential dispute over water development plans by Turkey for the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

      Climate: desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers

      Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes in southeast; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey

      Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur

      Land use: 12% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 9% meadows and pastures; 3% forest and woodland; 75% other; includes 4% irrigated

      Environment: development of Tigris-Euphrates river systems contingent upon agreements with upstream riparians (Syria, Turkey); air and water pollution; soil degradation (salinization) and erosion; desertification

      NOTE: The information regarding Iraq on this page is re-published from the 1989 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iraq Geography 1989 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iraq Geography 1989 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 15-Apr-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)