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    German Democratic Republic Geography - 1990

      Total area: 108,330 km2
      land area: 105,980 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than Tennessee

      Land boundaries: 2,296 km total; Czechoslovakia 459 km, Poland 456 km, FRG 1,381 km

      Coastline: 901 km

      Maritime claims:

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: it is US policy that the final borders of Germany have not been established; the US is seeking to settle the property claims of US nationals against the GDR

      Climate: temperate; cloudy, cold winters with frequent rain and snow; cool, wet summers

      Terrain: mostly flat plain with hills and mountains in south

      Natural resources: lignite, potash, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel

      Land use: 45% arable land; 3% permanent crops; 12% meadows and pastures; 28% forest and woodland; 12% other; includes 2% irrigated

      Environment: significant deforestation in mountains caused by air pollution and acid rain

      Note: strategic location on North European Plain and near the entrance to the Baltic Sea; West Berlin is an enclave (about 116 km by air or 176 km by road from FRG)

      NOTE: The information regarding German Democratic Republic on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of German Democratic Republic Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about German Democratic Republic Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)