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    Greenland Geography - 1990

      Total area: 2,175,600 km2
      land area: 341,700 km2 (ice free)

      Comparative area: slightly more than three times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 44,087 km

      Maritime claims:

      Contiguous zone: 4 nm;

      Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm;

      Territorial sea: 3 nm

      Disputes: Denmark has challenged Norway's maritime claims between Greenland and Jan Mayen

      Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

      Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast

      Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, cryolite, uranium, fish

      Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 1% meadows and pastures; NEGL% forest and woodland; 99% other

      Environment: sparse population confined to small settlements along coast; continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

      Note: dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Greenland on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greenland Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greenland Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)