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    Syria Geography - 1990

      Total area: 185,180 km2
      land area: 184,050 km2 (including 1,295 km2 of Israeli-occupied territory)

      Comparative area: slightly larger than North Dakota

      Land boundaries: 2,253 km total; Iraq 605 km, Israel 76 km, Jordan 375 km, Lebanon 375 km, Turkey 822 km

      Coastline: 193 km

      Maritime claims:

      Contiguous zone: 6 nm beyond territorial sea limit;

      Territorial sea: 35 nm

      Disputes: separated from Israel by the 1949 Armistice Line; Golan Heights is Israeli occupied; Hatay question with Turkey; periodic disputes with Iraq over Euphrates water rights; ongoing dispute over water development plans by Turkey for the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; Kurdish question among Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and the USSR

      Climate: mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast

      Terrain: primarily semiarid and desert plateau; narrow coastal plain; mountains in west

      Natural resources: crude oil, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum

      Land use: 28% arable land; 3% permanent crops; 46% meadows and pastures; 3% forest and woodland; 20% other; includes 3% irrigated

      Environment: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Note: there are 35 Jewish settlements in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights

      NOTE: The information regarding Syria on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Syria Geography 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Syria Geography 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)