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    The Bahamas Economy - 1990

      Overview: The Bahamas is a stable, middle-income developing nation whose economy is based primarily on tourism and offshore banking. Tourism alone provides about 50% of GDP and directly or indirectly employs about 50,000 people or 40% of the local work force. The economy has boomed in recent years, aided by a steady annual increase in the number of tourists. The per capita GDP of over $9,800 is one of the highest in the region.

      GDP: $2.4 billion, per capita $9,875; real growth rate 2.0% (1988 est.)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.1% (1988)

      Unemployment: 12% (1986)

      Budget: revenues $555 million; expenditures $702 million, including capital expenditures of $138 million (1989 est.)

      Exports: $733 million (f.o.b., 1987); commodities--pharmaceuticals, cement, rum, crawfish; partners--US 90%, UK 10%

      Imports: $1.7 billion (c.i.f., 1987); commodities--foodstuffs, manufactured goods, mineral fuels; partners--Iran 30%, Nigeria 20%, US 10%, EC 10%, Gabon 10%

      External debt: $1.5 billion (September 1988)

      Industrial production: growth rate NA%

      Electricity: 368,000 kW capacity; 857 million kWh produced, 3,470 kWh per capita (1989)

      Industries: banking, tourism, cement, oil refining and transshipment, salt production, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral weld, steel pipe

      Agriculture: accounts for less than 5% of GDP; dominated by small-scale producers; principal products--citrus fruit, vegetables, poultry; large net importer of food

      Aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-80), $42 million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-87), $344 million

      Currency: Bahamian dollar (plural--dollars); 1 Bahamian dollar (B$) = 100 cents

      Exchange rates: Bahamian dollar (B$) per US$1--1.00 (fixed rate)

      Fiscal year: calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding The Bahamas on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of The Bahamas Economy 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about The Bahamas Economy 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
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