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    Uganda Economy - 1990

      Overview: Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. For most of the past 15 years the economy has been devastated by political instability, mismanagement, and civil war, keeping Uganda poor with a per capita income of about $300. (GDP remains below the levels of the early 1970s, as does industrial production.) Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee is the major export crop and accounted for 97% of export revenues in 1988. Since 1986 the government has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing petroleum prices, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation, which was running at over 300% in 1987, and boosting production and export earnings.

      GDP: $4.9 billion, per capita $300 (1988); real growth rate 6.1% (1989 est.)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 72% (FY89)

      Unemployment rate: NA%

      Budget: revenues $365 million; expenditures $545 million, including capital expenditures of $165 million (FY89 est.)

      Exports: $272 million (f.o.b., 1988); commodities--coffee 97%, cotton, tea; partners--US 25%, UK 18%, France 11%, Spain 10%

      Imports: $626 million (c.i.f., 1988); commodities--petroleum products, machinery, cotton piece goods, metals, transportation equipment, food; partners--Kenya 25%, UK 14%, Italy 13%

      External debt: $1.4 billion (1989 est.)

      Industrial production: growth rate 25.1% (1988)

      Electricity: 173,000 kW capacity; 312 million kWh produced, 18 kWh per capita (1989)

      Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement

      Agriculture: accounts for 57% of GDP and 83% of labor force; cash crops--coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco; food crops--cassava, potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; livestock products--beef, goat meat, milk, poultry; self-sufficient in food

      Aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (1970-88), $123 million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-87), $1.0 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $60 million; Communist countries (1970-88), $140 million

      Currency: Ugandan shilling (plural--shillings); 1 Ugandan shilling (USh) = 100 cents

      Exchange rates: Ugandan shillings (USh) per US$1--370 (December 1989), 223.09 (1989), 106.14 (1988), 42.84 (1987), 14.00 (1986), 6.72 (1985)

      Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

      NOTE: The information regarding Uganda on this page is re-published from the 1990 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Uganda Economy 1990 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Uganda Economy 1990 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 07-Feb-03
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