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    Philippines Economy - 1991
    https://theodora.com/wfb1991/philippines/philippines_economy.html
    SOURCE: 1991 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Overview: The economy continues to recover from the political turmoil following the ouster of former President Marcos and several coup attempts. After two consecutive years of economic contraction (1984 and 1985), the economy has since 1986 had positive growth, although in 1990 the economy slowed considerably from 1989. The agricultural sector together with forestry and fishing, plays an important role in the economy, employing about 45% of the work force and providing almost 30% of GDP. The Philippines is the world's largest exporter of coconuts and coconut products. Manufacturing contributes about 25% of GDP. Major industries include food processing, chemicals, and textiles.

      GNP: $45.2 billion, per capita $700; real growth rate 2.5% (1990 est.)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices): 12.7% (1990 est.)

      Unemployment rate: 9.3% (1990 est.)

      Budget: $7.2 billion; expenditures $8.12 billion, including capital expenditures of $0.97 billion (1989 est.)

      Exports: revenues $8.1 billion (f.o.b., 1990 est.); commodities--electrical equipment 19%, textiles 16%, minerals and ores 11%, farm products 10%, coconut 10%, chemicals 5%, fish 5%, forest products 4%; partners--US 36%, EC 19%, Japan 18%, ESCAP 9%, ASEAN 7%

      Imports: $12.1 billion (c.i.f., 1990 est.); commodities--raw materials 53%, capital goods 17%, petroleum products 17%; partners--US 25%, Japan 17%, ESCAP 13%, EC 11%, ASEAN 10%, Middle East 10%

      External debt: $28.4 billion (1990)

      Industrial production: growth rate 1.9% (1990 est.); accounts for 30-35% of GNP

      Electricity: 6,755,000 kW capacity; 28,000 million kWh produced, 420 kWh per capita (1990)

      Industries: textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, electronics assembly, petroleum refining, fishing

      Agriculture: accounts for about one-third of GNP and 45% of labor force; major crops--rice, coconut, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapple, mango; animal products--pork, eggs, beef; net exporter of farm products; fish catch of 2 million metric tons annually

      Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; growers are producing more and better quality cannabis despite government eradication efforts

      Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $3.6 billion; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-88), $6.6 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $5 million; Communist countries (1975-89), $123 million

      Currency: Philippine peso (plural--pesos); 1 Philippine peso (1) = 100 centavos

      Exchange rates: Philippine pesos (1) per US$1--28.055 (January 1991), 24.311 (1990), 21.737 (1989), 21.095 (1988), 20.568 (1987), 20.386 (1986), 18.607 (1985)

      Fiscal year: calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Philippines on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Economy 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Philippines Economy 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb1991/philippines/philippines_economy.html

    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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