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    Philippines Geography - 1991

      Total area: 300,000 km2
      land area: 298,170 km2

      Comparative area: slightly larger than Arizona

      Land boundaries: none

      Coastline: 36,289 km

      Maritime claims: (measured from claimed archipelagic baselines)
      Continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
      Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth

      Disputes: involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; claims Malaysian state of Sabah

      Climate: tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)

      Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands

      Natural resources: timber, crude oil, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper

      Land use: arable land 26%; permanent crops 11%; meadows and pastures 4%; forest and woodland 40%; other 19%; includes irrigated 5%

      Environment: astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms per year; subject to landslides, active volcanoes, destructive earthquakes, tsunami; deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

      NOTE: The information regarding Philippines on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Philippines Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Philippines Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)