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    Senegal Geography - 1991

      Total area: 196,190 km2
      land area: 192,000 km2

      Comparative area: slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries: 2,640 km total
      The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

      Coastline: 531 km

      Maritime claims: Contiguous zone: 24 nm
      Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm
      Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      Territorial sea: 12 nm

      Disputes: short section of the boundary with The Gambia is indefinite; the International Court of Justice (ICJ) rendered its decision on the Guinea-Bissau/Senegal maritime boundary in favor of Senegal--that decision has been rejected by Guinea-Bissau; boundary with Mauritania

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (December to April) has strong southeast winds; dry season (May to November) dominated by hot, dry harmattan wind

      Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

      Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore

      Land use: arable land 27%; permanent crops 0%; meadows and pastures 30%; forest and woodland 31%; other 12%; includes irrigated 1%

      Environment: lowlands seasonally flooded; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Note: The Gambia is almost an enclave

      NOTE: The information regarding Senegal on this page is re-published from the 1991 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Senegal Geography 1991 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Senegal Geography 1991 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 08-Feb-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)