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    Afghanistan Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/afghanistan/afghanistan_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran


      Geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 65 00 E


      Map references: Asia


      Area: total: 647,500 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 647,500 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas


      Land boundaries: total: 5,529 km
      border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km


      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)


      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)


      Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers


      Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
      highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m


      Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones


      Land use: arable land: 12.13%
      permanent crops: 0.22%
      other: 87.65% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 23,860 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts


      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation


      Geography - note: landlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)


      NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/afghanistan/afghanistan_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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