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    Albania Geography - 2003

      Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro

      Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area: total: 28,748 sq km
      water: 1,350 sq km
      land: 27,398 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries: total: 720 km
      border countries: Greece 282 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 151 km, Serbia and Montenegro 287 km

      Coastline: 362 km

      Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

      Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,753 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 21.09%
      permanent crops: 4.45%
      other: 74.46% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 3,400 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast; floods; drought

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

      NOTE: The information regarding Albania on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Albania Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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