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    Andorra Government - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/andorra/andorra_government.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name: conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
      conventional short form: Andorra
      local short form: Andorra
      local long form: Principat d'Andorra


      Government type: parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its heads of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain, who are represented locally by coprinces' representatives


      Capital: Andorra la Vella


      Administrative divisions: 7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia); Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Escaldes-Engordany, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria


      Independence: 1278 (was formed under the joint suzerainty of the French count of Foix and the Spanish bishop of Urgel)


      National holiday: Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8 September (1278)


      Constitution: Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991; approved by referendum 14 March 1993; came into force 4 May 1993


      Legal system: based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal


      Executive branch: chief of state: French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by Frederic de SAINT-SERNIN (since NA); Spanish Coprince Episcopal Monseigneur Joan Enric Vives SICILIA (since 12 May 2003), represented by Nemesi MARQUES OSTE (since NA)
      elections: Executive Council president elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the coprinces for a four-year term; election last held 4 March 2001 (next to be held NA 2005)
      election results: Marc FORNE Molne elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - NA%
      cabinet: Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president
      head of government: Executive Council President Marc FORNE Molne (since 21 December 1994)


      Legislative branch: unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de las Valls (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 14 from a single national constituency and 14 to represent each of the 7 parishes; members serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 4 March 2001 (next to be held NA March 2005)
      election results: percent of vote by party - PLA 46.1%, PSD 30%, PD 23.8%, other 0.1%; seats by party - PLA 15, PSD 6, PD 5, independents 2


      Judicial branch: Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal de Corts; Supreme Court of Justice of Andorra or Tribunal Superior de Justicia d'Andorra; Supreme Council of Justice or Consell Superior de la Justicia; Fiscal Ministry or Ministeri Fiscal; Constitutional Tribunal or Tribunal Constitucional


      Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or PD (formerly part of National Democratic Group or AND) [leader NA]; Liberal Party of Andorra or PLA [Marc Forne MOLNE] (used to be Liberal Union or UL); Liberal Union or UL [Francesc CERQUEDA]; National Democratic Group or AND [Ladislau BARO SOLO]; National Democratic Initiative or IDN [Vincenc MATEU Zamora]; New Democracy or ND [Jaume BARTOMEU Cassany]; Social Democratic Party or PSD (formerly part of National Democratic Group of AND) [leader NA]; Union of the People of Ordino (Unio Parroquial d'Ordino) or UPO [Simo DURO Coma]
      note: there are two other small parties


      Political pressure groups and leaders: NA


      International organization participation: CE, ECE, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OSCE, UN, UNESCO, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTrO (observer)


      Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Jelena V. PIA-COMELLA
      chancery: 2 United Nations Plaza, 25th Floor, New York, NY 10017
      FAX: [1] (212) 750-6630
      telephone: [1] (212) 750-8064


      Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Andorra; the US Ambassador to Spain is accredited to Andorra; US interests in Andorra are represented by the Consulate General's office in Barcelona (Spain); mailing address: Paseo Reina Elisenda, 23, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; telephone: (3493) 280-2227; FAX: (3493) 205-7705


      Flag description: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield; similar to the flags of Chad and Romania, which do not have a national coat of arms in the center, and the flag of Moldova, which does bear a national emblem

      NOTE: The information regarding Andorra on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Andorra Government 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/andorra/andorra_government.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)