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    Austria Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/austria/austria_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia


      Geographic coordinates: 47 20 N, 13 20 E


      Map references: Europe


      Area: total: 83,858 sq km
      water: 1,120 sq km
      land: 82,738 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maine


      Land boundaries: total: 2,562 km
      border countries: Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 330 km, Switzerland 164 km


      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)


      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)


      Climate: temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in mountains; cool summers with occasional showers


      Terrain: in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m
      highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m


      Natural resources: iron ore, oil, timber, magnesite, lead, coal, lignite, copper, hydropower


      Land use: arable land: 16.89%
      permanent crops: 0.99%
      other: 82.12% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 457 sq km (2000 est.)


      Natural hazards: landslides; avalanches; earthquakes


      Environment - current issues: some forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting Austria between northern and southern Europe


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol


      Geography - note: landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere


      NOTE: The information regarding Austria on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Austria Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/austria/austria_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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