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    Bahrain Geography - 2003

      Location: Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates: 26 00 N, 50 33 E

      Map references: Middle East

      Area: total: 665 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 665 sq km

      Area - comparative: 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 161 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined

      Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers

      Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m

      Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls

      Land use: arable land: 4.35%
      permanent crops: 4.35%
      other: 91.3% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 50 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; dust storms

      Environment - current issues: desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; lack of freshwater resources, groundwater and seawater are the only sources for all water needs

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf, which much of Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean

      NOTE: The information regarding Bahrain on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bahrain Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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