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    Benin Geography - 2003

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo

      Geographic coordinates: 9 30 N, 2 15 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 112,620 sq km
      water: 2,000 sq km
      land: 110,620 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries: total: 1,989 km
      border countries: Burkina Faso 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria 773 km, Togo 644 km

      Coastline: 121 km

      Maritime claims: territorial sea: 200 NM

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

      Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m

      Natural resources: small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber

      Land use: arable land: 15.28%
      permanent crops: 1.36%
      other: 83.36% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 120 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from December to March

      Environment - current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: sandbanks create difficult access to a coast with no natural harbors, river mouths, or islands

      NOTE: The information regarding Benin on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Benin Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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