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    Brazil Geography - 2003
    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/brazil/brazil_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2003 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean


      Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 55 00 W


      Map references: South America


      Area: total: 8,511,965 sq km
      land: 8,456,510 sq km
      note: includes Arquipelago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martin Vaz, and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo
      water: 55,455 sq km


      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the US


      Land boundaries: total: 14,691 km
      border countries: Argentina 1,224 km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia 1,643 km, French Guiana 673 km, Guyana 1,119 km, Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru 1,560 km, Suriname 597 km, Uruguay 985 km, Venezuela 2,200 km


      Coastline: 7,491 km


      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


      Climate: mostly tropical, but temperate in south


      Terrain: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt


      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m


      Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber


      Land use: arable land: 6.3%
      permanent crops: 1.42%
      other: 92.28% (1998 est.)


      Irrigated land: 26,560 sq km (1998 est.)


      Natural hazards: recurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south


      Environment - current issues: deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area; there is a lucrative illegal wildlife trade; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities; land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities; wetland degradation; severe oil spills


      Environment - international agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements


      Geography - note: largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador


      NOTE: The information regarding Brazil on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Brazil Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://theodora.com/wfb2003/brazil/brazil_geography.html

    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2003 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    CTR030920