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    British Indian Ocean Territory Geography - 2003

      Location: archipelago in the Indian Ocean, south of India, about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia

      Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 71 30 E

      Map references: Political Map of the World

      Area: total: 60 sq km
      note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 60 sq km

      Area - comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 698 km

      Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 3 NM

      Climate: tropical marine; hot, humid, moderated by trade winds

      Terrain: flat and low (most areas do not exceed four meters in elevation)

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m

      Natural resources: coconuts, fish, sugarcane

      Land use: arable land: NEGL
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: archipelago of 2,300 islands; Diego Garcia, largest and southernmost island, occupies strategic location in central Indian Ocean; island is site of joint US-UK military facility

      NOTE: The information regarding British Indian Ocean Territory on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about British Indian Ocean Territory Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
    Copyright © 2020 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)