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    Bulgaria Geography - 2003

      Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey

      Geographic coordinates: 43 00 N, 25 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area: total: 110,910 sq km
      water: 360 sq km
      land: 110,550 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

      Land boundaries: total: 1,808 km
      border countries: Greece 494 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 148 km, Romania 608 km, Serbia and Montenegro 318 km, Turkey 240 km

      Coastline: 354 km

      Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      territorial sea: 12 NM

      Climate: temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers

      Terrain: mostly mountains with lowlands in north and southeast

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
      highest point: Musala 2,925 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

      Land use: arable land: 39%
      permanent crops: 1.8%
      other: 59.2% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 8,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: earthquakes, landslides

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: strategic location near Turkish Straits; controls key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia

      NOTE: The information regarding Bulgaria on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Bulgaria Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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