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    Burundi Geography - 2003

      Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates: 3 30 S, 30 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area: total: 27,830 sq km
      water: 2,180 sq km
      land: 25,650 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries: total: 974 km
      border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; wet seasons from February to May and September to November, and dry seasons from June to August and December to January

      Terrain: hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains

      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
      highest point: Mount Heha 2,670 m

      Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower

      Land use: arable land: 29.98%
      permanent crops: 12.85%
      other: 57.17% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land: 740 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards: flooding, landslides, drought

      Environment - current issues: soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

      Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed; the Kagera, which drains into Lake Victoria, is the most remote headstream of the White Nile

      NOTE: The information regarding Burundi on this page is re-published from the 2003 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea Geography 2003 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Burundi Geography 2003 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 20-Sep-03
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